Originally at: http://www.payvand.com/news/04/jul/1010.html
July 5, 2004
The Achaemenid dynasty was the first empire in the world that respected the cultural diversity of its different peoples.
Achaemenids (550-330 B.C.) led by Cyrus II (also known as Cyrus the Great or Cyrus the Elder) used to respect cultural values among the various nations living in their empire, announced the China’s official news agency, Xinhua in a story about the inscription of Pasargadae on the World Heritage list. The first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid Empire was founded by Cyrus II the Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th century BC. Its palaces, gardens and the mausoleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architecture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civilization. Particularly noteworthy vestiges in the 160-hectare site include the Mausoleum of Cyrus II, Tall-e Takht or a fortified terrace, and a royal ensemble of gatehouse, audience hall, residential palace, and gardens, adds Xinhua.
Pasargadae was the capital of the first great multi-cultural empire in Western Asia. Spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Hindus River, it is considered to be the first empire that respected the cultural diversity of its different peoples.
This was reflected in Achaemenid architecture, a synthetic representation of different cultures.
Iranian and Italian experts are working on a digital program to enlist all inscriptions and manuscripts left from the Achaemenid dynasty.
The program aptly named Digital Achaemenid Royal Inscription Open Schema Hypertext (DARIOSH) is the brainchild of Iran’s National Museum and Italy’s L’Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente (ISIAO) and will be carried out at Naples University and Iranian National Archeology Museum in Tehran.
Its design would help researchers including archeologists, inscriptions experts and lexicologists in their online interdisciplinary studies, because the program would collect all the dispersed data on the dynasty (550-330 B.C.) from around the globe and categorize in one single place for easier access.
The programmers are pursuing three major goals: 1) compiling an updated list of the linguistic literature of languages spoken in that era, 2) making a new analysis of the Achaemenids’ texts, 3) editing and translating those texts